Drainage is a system to which liquids, sewage, and other substances are drained away. A drainage system is composed of an arrangement of pipes that carry out the waste or dirty fluids. Drainage comes in four different types of patterns. These patterns are classified according to their texture and form.
Types of Drainage Patterns
This pattern is the most common form. It looks like a branching pattern similar to those of tree roots. This pattern develops in regions underlain with a homogenous material. The underground geology has the same resistance in terms of weathering that evident control is not possible across the direction that the tributaries take. These branches are at an acute angle that joins a huge stream.
This drainage pattern is mostly seen in areas that are disturbed by volcanic disposition or glacial activity. The topography of such a region will then be adjusted by the stream over some time. It is done to transport sediments for the improvement of the channel pattern and the flow.
This drainage pattern is opposite to that of a radial. That’s because the streams are flowing with the going to a central direction. This type is commonly found in the western and southwestern parts of the US, wherein they use basins exhibit interior drainage.
Throughout the wet seasons of the year, those streams feed momentary lakes but eventually evaporates when the dry periods come. Salt flats are being produced in these dry lakes, as it dissolves in lake water pouring out of solution, which will be left behind as the water evaporates.
This pattern is rectangular in shape. A pattern that mainly develops where bands of rocks differ with regards to resistance. You will find alternate bands of soft and hard rocks in some areas. Flowing water would erode those soft rocks, which will definitely cause the water to flow over the bands of soft rocks.
These water channels will then form a trellis. This pattern goes like this: streams would cut out the valleys (also known as vale), and then it will join the main river, also referred to as the consequent river at a right angle. That being said, the main river cuts the hard rock with the use of some sheer force, and it will flow down the slope that would form an escarpment, creating a river gap.
Signs That The Drainage Is Blocked
It will be stressful and costly to have blocked drainage. Therefore, it will be good for you to check whether the drainage is showing some early signs of blockage. Doing so will allow you to prevent having further damage with your pipes. The following are the signs when your drainage is blocked.
- There’s an unpleasant odor coming from the drain. When your drainage is blocked, there is a high percentage that it will emit an unpleasant odor. It’s caused mainly by some food debris stuck onto the pipes. Thus, food slowly decomposes, which eventually creates a bad smell. It will spread all throughout when the tap is being turned on, making the smell a lot worse.
- Slow drainage. When the pipe is blocked, there’s a high likelihood that the flow will be slow. The reason behind this is that the water must filter through the blockage, producing a sluggish flow.
- Water levels raised. The water level in the toilet gets easily raised when there is a blockage. The pipes are blocked if that’s the case. If you notice it overflows suddenly, you might have a much bigger and serious problem with your drains.
- When there is a gurgling sound, there is a possibility of blockage in your drains if you ever heard any strange sound like the gurgling. It may indicate that there could be a stuck or trapped air inside the pipes that escapes when the water flows into the pipes.
If ever you see any of these signs, you should check if your drainage system is still in good condition. It would be much better if you maintain the drainage clean and free from any solid that could be stuck on the pipes.
How to Clean the Drainage
Cleaning your drainage will be the best option for you to avoid any damage to your drainage system. Unclogging your drainage will be helpful to avoid serious damage. Luckily, here are some things you can try to unclog your drainage.
- Flush using boiling water. It is an easy and guaranteed way to unclog drainage that has some minimal issue. With your slight effort, your drainage will be free from those little blockages. When doing this, you must wait for it to drain and flush it with water afterward after you pour the boiling water. A simple reminder, though, this is best with metal pipes.
- You can make your own gutter cleaner. There are different kinds of clog that can cause damage to your gutter. It would be better to make your own than looking for some commercial gutter cleaner. As an example, you could make the baking soda drain cleaner.
- You can plunge it. As you would know, many households have cup plungers. This will help you unclog your drainage. You can do this by plopping it up above your sink or bathtub drain then start the plunging.
- Buy or create a gutter snake. This cleaning material might help with removing the clog in your gutter system. This item is very useful, especially if the drain is being clogged because of hair. However, you must be careful when using this item so you would not damage your pipes. It would be best if you remembered that this works with small or light clogs.
When doing all of these things, you must always make sure to be careful during the process. It will be a bigger problem if you possibly do it wrong, leading to some damage to your drains.